Links & Resources
Categorized links and resources on vehicle idling and idling related information with an emphasis on air quality, the number one concern of unnecessary vehicle idling.
LINK REQUESTS: Please note link requests will only be considered that relate either directly to the vehicle idling issue, health impact of vehicle exhaust, or Vermont (only) transportation efficiency. Additionally, commercial, for-profit website link requests — or information web pages derived from them — will only be considered if directly relating to vehicle idling.
Heavy-duty and fleet idling
Argonne National Laboratory: Idle Reduction Technologies for Heavy-Duty Vehicles
Work Truck Magazine feature (Mar. 2011): Telematics Use in Work Truck Fleets
Government Fleet feature (Nov. 2014): Do Anti-Idling Technologies Work?
Idle management technologies
Fuel management/idle-reduction technologies/systems for police cruisers, fire trucks, ambulances,
highway construction vehicles, public works trucks, school buses, and the military:
Dept. of Energy: Idling Reduction for Emergency and Other Service Vehicles
Auto stop-start technology
The auto stop-start system (also known as auto start-stop) automatically shuts off the engine when the
vehicle is at rest to cut fuel use and eliminate idle emissions. It then restarts the engine automatically
when the driver lifts off the brake (or puts in the clutch to select 1st gear) to get going again. Such
systems used to be reserved for only the most fuel-efficient cars, usually hybrids, but in the last couple
years they've begun appearing in the U.S. on vehicles with conventional gasoline engines; they are more
common in Europe where fuel prices are significantly higher. More than half of vehicles globally will be
equipped with these systems by 2020. These systems save consumers an average of 5% in fuel, but
more importantly will be reducing fuel consumption by billions of gallons and reducing carbon emissions
by millions of tons by 2020.
• Johnson Controls expands global production of Start-Stop batteries to meet rising automaker demand.
• GM's Stop-Start technology replaces more costly eAssist on 2015 models.
• Ford F-150 2.7-liter EcoBoost V6 with auto stop-start systems.
• Road & Track: Automatic Start-Stop Tech Saves More Fuel Than You Think (some drivers are turning stop-start off or disabling it)
From the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy division: NATIONAL IDLING REDUCTION NETWORK NEWS (NIRNN)
Idling regulations & enforcement action
American Transportation Research Institute (ATRI) Compendium of idling regulations (updated Jan. 2019) Note this document is dedicated to truck idling and therefore does not delineate between truck and passenger vehicle idling measures (seven U.S. states have all motor vehicle idling measures).
2015: The EPA announces agreements with the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey and port terminal operators that will cut harmful air pollution from the Port of New York and New Jersey. Under the agreements, the Port Authority, APM Terminals North America, Maher Terminals and Port Newark Container Terminals will reduce truck idling at the port of Newark and take other actions to reduce harmful air pollution from diesel exhaust.
2014: EPA fines Connolly and Sons, a Walpole, Mass. school bus company $33,000 for excessive idling violations. Under the settlement, the company will implement idling reduction measures.
2012: Student Transportation of America (STA), a school bus company, settles with the EPA, agreeing to implement a no idling program and pay penalties for idling violations in CT and RI. According to the EPA, by eliminating excessive idling, STA will reduce its fuel use by 135,000 gallons every year, avoiding the production of more than 3 million lbs of carbon dioxide annually.
2009: Boston-based bus company Paul Revere Transportation LLC agrees to $650,000 penalty for violating the Clean Air Act and No Idling Regulations.
And lack of enforcement: "NYC's Tough Idling Law Would Totally Improve Air Quality If Cops Enforced It" But as of 2018 there's hope: citizens can now enforce this law.
EPA: Clean School Bus: The goals of Clean School Bus are to reduce children's exposure to diesel exhaust and the amount of air pollution created by diesel school buses by encouraging policies and practices to eliminate unnecessary public school bus idling, retrofitting buses that will remain in the fleet with better emission-control technologies and/or fueling them with cleaner fuels, and replacing the oldest buses in the fleet with new, less-polluting buses.
Vermont DEC Air Quality and Climate Division: School Bus Emissions and Retrofits
Air quality and health
BioMed Central/Particle and Fibre Toxicology Report: Diesel Fumes Change Brain Activity in 2008 study.
AIRNow: air quality news and daily national air quality index forecast, including for Vermont: Bennington, Burlington, Rutland, and Vermont mountain valley locations.
MSNBC Network 2009 report: Kids' lower IQ scores linked to prenatal pollution in mostly low-income neighborhoods in northern Manhattan and the South Bronx from exposure to typical kinds of urban air pollution, mostly from car, bus and truck exhaust.
National Public Radio (NPR) WBUR's Here and Now program: 2011 studies in many urban locations around the world link traffic fumes to a higher rates of autism and premature births
MedPage Today Report, February 2011: Medical and public health groups are banding together to explain how global warming has taken a toll on human health and will continue to cause food-borne illnesses, respiratory problems, and deaths unless policy changes are enacted.
Other no-idling campaigns
Department of Energy IdleBox Toolkit for Idle-Reduction Projects is a toolkit of print products, templates, presentations, and information resources to assist with idle-reduction projects for fleets with light- and medium-duty vehicles. Some materials are available in two versions: ready-to-use print products and customizable templates.
The Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) takes on the most urgent environmental threats to the climate, oceans, ecosystems and people's health. EDF has long been a strong idle-free advocate.
Center for Transportation Research, Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory report: Idling: Cruising the Fuel Inefficiency Expressway.
Office of Energy Efficiency, Natural Resources, Canada: Idle-Free Zone.
DADA (Dads Against Dirty Air) is an Ontario, Canada-based organization and charity that aims to promote positive changes in communities when it comes to Children’s health and our personal impact on the environment. DADA is a growing movement that is engaging caring parents, teachers and students, to reach out to others, asking them to BE IDLE FREE FOR THE KIDS!
Connecticut Dept. of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP) "Idling Is Fuelish" Campaign. Includes the Wastebusters - Idling Myths video. CT has an all motor vehicle idling reduction law.
Engines Off is a collaborative effort between the Federal, State, and local governments in Colorado to improve regional air quality by reducing vehicle idling. Engines Off is the educational component to the City & County of Denver idling vehicle ordinance that prohibits the unnecessary idling all vehicles, and the State of Colorado law that limits the idling of heavy-duty vehicles.
Prince George, British Columbia, Canada Idle-Free Ambassador also utilizes the Idling Hotspot Map as part of the Prince George Air Improvement Roundtable campaign.
Idling reduction in the U.S. military
2014: Air Force introduces Idle Reduction Technology (IRT) on some new Air Force fire vehicles, saving engine wear-and-tear and dramatically reducing fuel consumption. VIDEO
U.S. Army: Tactical Idle Reduction (TIR) auxiliary power reduces fuel consumption, plus other benefits for large military vehicle. "The TIR system could conservatively save 870 gallons per year per M915 vehicle," said Jonathan Cristiani of CERDEC's Command, Power and Integration Directorate. Based on the entire fleet of M915s, the fuel saved could amount to at least 700,000 gallons a year.
Vermont transportation efficiency & alternatives organizations
CanterBarnicleCommunications (CBC-CAVU) is a Weybridge, Vermont environmental communications consulting firm whose mission is to cultivate sustainable local communities by providing strategies and tools for effective collaboration, outreach and engagement. One of their areas of focus within transportation demand management is working with Addison County energy committees to address mobile source energy issues (including vehicle idling) to mitigate global climate change.
Go Vermont is a resource for travelers who want to reduce the cost and environmental impact of driving with information about the different ways to get around the state, and how these modes can save money. In addition to information on bus routes, biking or walking, and other modes, Go Vermont features a free carpool/vanpool matching service, ridesharing tips, and other practical information on getting around.
CarShare Vermont helps people get around with fewer cars. They have a network of vehicles parked in convenient spots in the Burlington area (expansion to the rest of the state is planned) that can be used by the hour or day. Shopping, meetings, weekend jaunts—CarShare Vermont is an easy and affordable alternative to owning a car.
Local Motion is a member-supported non-profit organization promoting people-powered transportation and recreation for healthy and sustainable Vermont communities. They've improved personal health and the local economy by developing regional trails, promoting walkable communities, and fostering active lifestyles.
CATMA - Chittenden Area Transportation Management Association - jointly plans and manages parking and transportation in ways that better coordinate land use and lessen environmental impacts. CATMA works with Burlington businesses offering employers a comprehensive employee commute program tailored to the worksite including incentives, programs, worksite events, promos, surveys, information clearing house and more.
Drive Electric Vermont - a statewide coalition of policy makers, industry leaders, and ordinary citizens dedicated to promoting the spread of electric transportation in the State. [Electric vehicles will eventually make idle-free campaigns obsolete. And I welcome it![
The Certification for Sustainable Transportation's (CST) helps improve economic, environmental, and energy efficiency within the passenger transportation sector. The CST, a UVM Extension Program, houses the eRating certification, driver trainings (with idle-free and eco-driving online course offerings), and an array of awareness and education programs.
The Vermont Energy Investment Corporation (VEIC) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to reducing the economic and environmental costs of energy consumption through cost-effective energy efficiency and renewable technologies. VEIC brings expertise and skill to the transportation sector, as demonstrated in the electrical and thermal efficiency realm. They develop transportation efficiency implementation programs and policy development and advocacy.
Efficient Cars Buyers Guide
fueleconomy.gov: Information on hybrids, electrics, and how to be a more efficient and greener driver
Green Energy Times offers the most up-to-date and detailed information on energy in Vermont and beyond. Published by Nancy Rae Mallery out of Bradford, VT, G.E.T. is published bi-monthly and distributed around 85% of the state. It is offered for free at distribution locations; subscription is available for home delivery. It is also available online. G.E.T. "gets" it when it comes to unnecessary vehicle idling, understanding the low-hanging fruit energy savings benefits of simply turning off the key, with ongoing coverage of the idling issue.
Idling tidbits from around the world
Wisconsin State Journal, November 2018: Just one driver ticketed in first year of Madison's anti-idling ordinance
Sacramento Bee (CA), May 2018: A Sacramento man was arrested after he left his car idling. That's a law?
Edmonton (Alberta) Journal, March 2018: Edmonton issues first tickets for excessive idling in a neighbourhood
Jackson, MS., Jan. 15, 2016: Two motorists were issued tickets for warming up their vehicles while they were away from them
Singapore: The Strait Times, Nov. 20, 2014: Warnings issued to 14 motorists caught leaving vehicle engines idling
From CBC News - Nova Scotia, Oct. 2,2011: No idling for Nova Scotia government vehicles
The Oregonian (daily newspaper in Portland, OR) story: "Lyle Lovett got under Patrice Demmon's skin during his stop in Portland in October 2009 at the Schnitz. And it had nothing to do with his performance..." How one person was able to get businesses in downtown Portland to stop excessive truck and bus idling.
Lives Per Gallon: the "Bible" of the high price paid for our oil economy
Book: Lives Per Gallon, by Terry Tamminen: The True Cost of Our Oil Addiction
JOHNSON CONTROLS VIDEO